New Report Finds that a Transition to Low-carbon Cities Could Save US$17-22 Trillion Dollars

Hi folks, this is Graham Pickren, new faculty member in Sustainability Studies here at Roosevelt University.  I’ve just joined the program after completing my PhD in geography at the University of Georgia as well as a postdoc at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada.  I’m excited to be here!  I’ll be blogging here regularly and am looking forward to being a part of the conversation about sustainability issues in Chicago, the Midwest, and beyond.  I have a wide range of interests, including urban geography, urban political ecology (I’ll be blogging about what that is in future posts), and debates about transitions to some kind of alternative, ‘green’ economy.

Towards keeping that conversation going, I’m sharing some good news from the Guardian this week, where they covered a new report from the Global Commission on Energy and Climate that analyzed the cost savings that accrue from cities making investments in better infrastructure, waste management, public transit, and green buildings.  All told, the report finds cities can save $17-22 TRILLION dollars while avoiding the equivalent of 3.7 gigatonnes of carbon emissions a year, which is more than India’s current total emissions.  The real kicker from the Guardian article is this quote:

The finding upends the notion that it is too expensive to do anything about climate change – or that such efforts would make little real difference. Not true, said the researchers.

Specifically, the report cites a few successful projects from around the world that demonstrate the wisdom of placing cities at the forefront of building more resilient (and resourceful) communities:

  • Bus Rapid Transit: The economic returns of Johannesburg’s Bus Rapid Transit system in its first phase were close to US$900 million.
  • Building efficiency: Singapore’s “Green Mark” program, for instance, which aims to cover 80% of its buildings by 2030, could see a reduction in building electricity use of 22% and net economic savings of over US$400 million.
  • Cycling: Copenhagen’s planned Cycle Super Highways are estimated to have an internal rate of return on investment of 19% per year.

“Cyclists at red 2” by heb@Wikimedia Commons

One of the real stumbling blocks for significant action on climate change has always been the incorrect notion that transitioning to low-carbon futures is simply too expensive to be pursued.  Politicians can easily hide behind these kinds of statements, but politicians also think in terms of dollars and cents (votes too?).  For better or worse (I’m leading towards worse…), economists have the ear of our political leaders here in the US and elsewhere.  So studies like this one provide real ammunition for the political fight that these kinds of transitions entail.

Of course, amidst all the good news here, we can still debate the explicit assumption that economic growth as currently understood (increases in GDP) is commensurable with any kind of sustainable future.  Alternatively, notions of ‘degrowth’ have been around for a long time but are starting to game some traction.  A recent issue of the journal Sustainability Science featured a group of articles probing the details of degrowth as a philosophy and practice.  An editorial introducing the special issue on degrowth argues that

“the pathway towards a sustainable future is to be found in a democratic and redistributive downscaling of the biophysical size of the global economy.  In the context of this desired transformation, it becomes imperative to explore ways in which sustainability science can explicitly and effectively address one of the root causes of social and environmental degradation worldwide, namely, the ideology and practice of economic growth.”

There’s a big debate going on here, but for the sake of brevity it’s worth simply stating that there are a number of paradigms at play when we think about transitioning to a more sustainable future.  Whether that future equals conventional economic growth + low-carbon infrastructure or a more radical restructuring of our very notions of sustainability and a good life is something I feel is at the heart of what sustainability studies is all about.  In future posts, I’ll take on this debate more directly, but for now I urge the interested reader to check out the editorial in Sustainability Science for an excellent primer.

Posted in biking, cities, climate change, economics, planning, policy, science | 1 Comment

Chicago Joins Compact of Mayors Agreement in Summer of 2015

Compact of Mayors 2015 logoOn August 24th, Mayor Rahm Emanuel and the City of Chicago joined the Compact of Mayors, a global coalition of mayors and city officials that have pledged to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, track progress, and enhance resilience to climate change.

Also on August 24th, President Obama announced new actions to bring renewable energy and energy efficiency to households across the country. The President’s announcement included a goal of having at least 100 U.S. cities sign the Compact by the end of November, and mentions Chicago as one of the U.S. cities currently signed on to the agreement.

The Compact establishes a common platform to capture the impact of cities’ collective actions through standardized measurement of emissions and climate risk, and consistent, public reporting of their efforts. Through the Compact, cities are:

  • Increasing their visibility as leaders responding to climate change;
  • Demonstrating their commitment to an ambitious global climate solution, particularly as nations convene around a new climate agreement in Paris in December 2015;
  • Encouraging direct public and private sector investments in cities by meeting transparent standards that are similar to those followed by national governments;
  • Building a consistent and robust body of data on the impact of city action; and
  • Accelerating more ambitious, collaborative, and sustainable local climate action.

Click here for more information about the Compact of Mayors and read the White House Fact Sheet on the President’s announcement to increase uptake of renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Reprinted from the Chicago Sustainability News email bulletin of 4 Sept 2015.

Posted in cities, climate change, energy, Illinois, news

Welcome to the Fall 2015 Semester at RU

As we start the 2015-16 academic year here at Roosevelt University, the Sustainability Studies program warmly welcomes our new first-year and transfer students, continuing students, and faculty to the Fall 2015 semester, which begins with delightful weather and high expectations for our program’s sixth year since its founding in 2010.

RU's President Ali greets students during move-in week, August 2015

RU’s President Ali greets students during move-in week, August 2015

New Leadership: Back on Friday, August 21st, the fall term officially kicked off with RU’s annual convocation in the historic Auditorium Theatre, led by the university’s new president, Dr. Ali Malekzadeh. With his deep experience in leading business colleges at his previous universities, as well as scholarly expertise in leadership and strategic management, Ali (as he prefers to be called) is excited to be in Chicago and at the helm of our university in a time of challenge and transformation. If you see President Ali in the hallways or elevators of either campus, be sure to say hi and introduce yourself. You won’t regret it!

New Places: The Sustainability Studies Program is in the midst of changes, as well. Founded by faculty in the Evelyn T. Stone College of Professional Studies in 2010 as the Chicago area’s first undergraduate program in sustainability, the SUST Program shifted its home base at the university to the College of Arts and Sciences this summer, where it will forge new relationships with academic programs in the social and natural sciences. As co-founder and director of SUST, I want to salute our outstanding colleagues in the College of Professional Studies for the academic and administrative support as well as intellectual inspiration they provided for the program’s creation, development, and growth during its first five years.

SUST will continue to maintain close ties with the College of Professional Studies through its innovative Flex-Track degree option for returning adult students and through ongoing faculty partnerships, as exemplified by CPS natural science professor Dr. Julian Kerbis Peterhans’ unique SUST 330 Biodiversity course, regularly offered at the Field Museum of Natural History. In the College of Arts and Sciences, students can pursue a BA degree in Sustainability Studies and potentially complement their studies with a double-major in a natural/social science or humanities field.

Pickren G

Dr. Graham Pickren, Assistant Professor of Sustainability Studies

New Faces: Just as importantly, the program’s search last year for a full-time faculty member to replace SUST co-founder Carl Zimring was successful, as we welcomed Dr. Graham Pickren to the Roosevelt faculty this August. A geographer by training, Dr. Pickren did his PhD at the University of Georgia and comes to Roosevelt after a post-doctoral teaching/research fellowship at the University of British Columbia. He has wide-ranging interests in sustainability, cities, and environmental policy and this fall is teaching SUST 240 Waste at the Chicago Campus and SUST 320 Sprawl, Transportation, and Planning online. Stop by his office in AUD 831 and say hello!

RU SustPlan Cover

RU’s new Strategic Sustainability Plan, created by students, alumni, faculty, and staff in 2014-15

New Directions: With the auspicious creation of RU’s first Strategic Sustainability Plan last year, we know that the 2015-16 academic year will be a time of exciting transformation and progress. SUST faculty and students will collaborate with staff in the Department of Physical Resources (including former SUST major Rebecca Quesnell, BA ’15, RU’s new Sustainable Operations Coordinator) and other faculty and staff from across the university to enhance our academic offerings, develop new projects, and move sustainability forward at Roosevelt.

And for further inspiration from our students, check out what our current SUST majors have been up to this summer in Chicago, Schaumburg, and Iceland in their sustainability internships and study-abroad programs. Last but not least, stay tuned to this blog and the SUST Facebook page for updates, events, and opportunities for getting involved. We look forward to hearing from you!

With all the best for the year ahead,

Mike Bryson
Co-founder and Director of Sustainability Studies at RU
AUD 829 / / 312-281-3148

Posted in courses, degrees, education, faculty, news, Roosevelt, students

Sustainability in Scandinavia: SUST Major Shannon Conway Reports on Her Summer 2015 Study Abroad Experience

During the summer of 2015, several Roosevelt University students majoring in Sustainability Studies have been doing internships or pursuing study abroad opportunities in various locales around the world, from Chicago to Hawaii and from Schaumburg to Scandinavia. We’ve invited them to write up reports from the field on their activities, adventures, and advocacy work in the service of environmental conservation, sustainable development, and social justice.

Here’s the second of these student blog posts, from Shannon Conway, a senior SUST major who took a class on glaciology and climate change through a study abroad program in Denmark that included a week-long field study session in Iceland.

SUST major Shannon Conway in Copenhagen, Denmark, Summer 2015

SUST major Shannon Conway in Copenhagen, Denmark, Summer 2015

This summer, I had the amazing opportunity to study at the Danish Institute for Study Abroad (DIS) in Copenhagen, Denmark, with a field-based tour of Iceland’s southern coast. This three-week, three-credit course revolved around Iceland’s glaciers and how they’re being altered by climate change. What attracted me to this course was the semi-short duration of the course, the locations, and of course, glaciers! For as long as I can remember I have been a creature of the cold. Snow, ice, and anything that has to do with cold temperatures intrigues me. I have always wanted to study abroad but thought that an entire semester was a little much, so this three-week program suited my schedule.

Student life at DIS was unlike anything I’ve ever experienced. My housing and classroom were both centered directly in the heart of Copenhagen, making it easy to familiarize myself with the city. I lived in Kannikestræde with about 30 other American students who came from all around the country; my actual roommate, Lea, was from Hawaii. There were about 10 different courses throughout these three weeks, all with different study tours.

Living in Copenhagen was quite the cultural shift from living in Chicago. Most of the roads were cobblestone, the buildings did not exceed four stories, and it rained basically everyday for at least an hour. The Danes are very reserved people, but their daring fashion choices definitely make a statement. It was very easy to pick out the American in the crowd just by looking at what they were wearing, considering we all looked like tourists compared to them.

The name of the course I took was called Climate Change and Glacier Modeling. My professor, Susanne Lilja Buchardt, is a native Dane who lives in Iceland for half of the year with her family. She is a brilliant glaciologist and has worked in the field for over ten years. In the course, we focused on the impacts of climate change and how it’s altering everyday life in Iceland, Antarctica, Greenland, and essentially the entire world. Though only a small percentage of glaciers are located in Iceland, they are vital to study since they’re being affected first due to their smaller ice volume. The first week of my course was spent in the classroom in Copenhagen from 9:00am to 1:00pm where we discussed how glaciers form, shift, and flow. This whole week was a preparation for our Iceland study tour.

The second week of class, we packed our bags and headed to Reykjavik, Iceland, for a week-long study tour. Arriving in Iceland almost felt like we were landing on Mars. The terrain was covered with dark lava rocks, some covered in a thick moss which looked like coral. There were snow covered mountains to my right, the Atlantic Ocean to my left, and lava rocks between. Reykjavik is the country’s capital where 95% of the population lives, which is about 130,000 people, and where we stayed for the majority of the trip. Every day we would get on our tour bus at 8:00am and head to different geological sites.

Day 1: We visited the Icelandic Meteorologist Office and attended a presentation from a well-known local glaciologist. Here, we received a brief rundown on volcanoes, glaciers, and climate.

My class took these super-sized trucks up the Langjökull glacier. The driver would let almost all the air out of the tires in order to disperse weight evenly up the mountain. If they did not do that, the truck would get stuck in the ice.

My class took these super-sized trucks up the
Langjökull glacier. The driver would let almost all
the air out of the tires in order to disperse weight
evenly up the mountain. If they did not do that,
the truck would get stuck in the ice.

Day 2: My class and I went to the Volcano House where we listened to a presentation about Iceland’s most historical volcano eruptions. Then we headed over to the earliest known settlement in Iceland and toured the artifacts and housing found there.

Day 3: First, we visited Deildartunguhver, the most powerful hot spring in Iceland and Europe, where water was above boiling point and was spewing out of the ground. Then we went to Hraunfossar waterfalls. They are a series of water flows coming down from ice melt, flowing over a lava field.

Later that day we headed southeast to the Langjökull Glacier where we were taken to the top on an old army truck with wheels almost taller than me. At the top, we went on an “Into The Glacier” tour. Glaciologists have carved a mile-long tunnel through the middle of the glacier. We went about 200 feet into the center. Each line of ice had a piece of history to it, whether it was a darker layer of ash from a volcano or a skinny layer of ice from a dry season. It was truly incredible to be in this ice tunnel.

Inside the Langjökull glacier where there are visible lines of history. Theses are formed from seasons, melting, accumulation, and volcanic eruptions (S. Conway, June 2015)

Inside the Langjökull glacier where there are visible lines of history. Theses are formed from seasons, melting, accumulation, and volcanic eruptions (S. Conway, June 2015)

Day 4: We left our hotel for the night and headed to the Burfell Hydropower Station. Water flows down from the mountains, into rivers, and down another slope in order for energy to be captured. Burfell is unique because of its ice-catching system at the mouth of the river. If there are ice chunks from the glacier melt, they will be stopped before flowing into the plant.

After this visit, we went to the Hekla Volcano Center. Hekla is one of the most active volcanoes in Iceland, with the past seven eruptions averaging every 10 years. When I was there, it was 4 years overdue. After Hekla we traveled to the city of Vik which is right on the coast of the Atlantic. If climate change continues to make sea level rise, Vik will no longer be here in the next century. The only way Vik could survive, oddly enough, is if the Katla volcano erupts, creating more land mass.

After Vik, we went to the beautiful waterfalls of Seljalandsfoss, then to Kirkjubæjarklaustur where the earth is cut in half with a river running through. At the end of the day we ended up at Hotel Laki.

The waterfalls of Seljalandsfoss. There was a path we walked completely around the backside of this waterfall. And got soaked.

The waterfalls of Seljalandsfoss. There was a path we walked completely around the backside of this waterfall. And got soaked.

Svínafellsjökull Glacier hike, the Ice Explorer guide leading us, followed by my professor.

Svínafellsjökull Glacier hike, the Ice Explorer guide leading us, followed by my professor (S. Conway, June 2015)

Day 5: We traveled with the Ice Explorers to Skaftafell National Park where we took our ice picks and boot spikes on a hike up Svínafellsjökull glacier. Since it was summer, the glacier had retreated a great deal and there were massive cracks in the ice with no visible ending. Each step was to be taken with extreme caution.

After the glacier hike, we traveled to the iconic glacial lagoon in Breidamerkurlon. The lagoon was formed only 80 years ago due to warming temperatures. Sublet-glaciers from the Vatnajökull glacier melt into this lagoon, bringing giant chunks of ice down with it. In the lagoon, the pieces of fallen glaciers become icebergs in a way, and flow out to the shores of the Atlantic.


Glacier Lagoon being fed by sublet-glaciers from the Vatnajökull Glacier. This lagoon was formed only 80 years ago. It is astonishing what climate change and rising temperatures can do.

Glacier Lagoon being fed by sublet-glaciers from the Vatnajökull Glacier. This lagoon was formed only 80 years ago. It is astonishing what climate change and rising temperatures can do.

Day 6: This day was used as a relaxing traveling day, but was just as memorable as the others. We headed back to Reykjavik where we went swimming at the Blue Lagoon. The Blue Lagoon is a hot springs which was formed about 50 years ago by mistake. Engineers at the local geothermal power plant did not know what to do with the excess water they created, so they dumped it in a nearby lava field. It was full of sulfite and other natural chemicals, but was not toxic to humans. Because of where the water got dumped, the natural geothermal energy from the earth heated the excess water, creating a hot spring. Now, it has become a huge tourist attraction for Iceland.

Group photo of my class while retreating down the Svínafellsjökull Glacier. The weather was unusually hot and we needed to take off many layers of clothing. My professor, an expert glaciologist, claimed that was the warmest glacier hike she had ever been on.

Group photo of my class while retreating down the Svínafellsjökull Glacier. The weather was unusually hot and we needed to take off many layers of clothing. My professor, an expert glaciologist, claimed that was the warmest glacier hike she had ever been on.

Reflecting back on my trip, I can truly say this is one of the best experiences I have ever had. Not only was it a cultural and social learning experience, but also a huge eye-opener in terms of sustainability.

Shannon Conway in Iceland, June 2015

Shannon Conway in Iceland, June 2015

Without being there first-hand to witness what is happening to these glaciers and to the surrounding geography, I would not be able to fathom the rate at which climate change is impacting them. By seeing the ice physically flow down into the ocean, ice chunks plummeting into the pools of water, and Icelandic natives concerned about flooding in their cities, I realized how important the practice of sustainability is in our world.

This trip was much like an awakening to me and what I stand for, what I study, what I practice, and what I should do differently. Much of what we do in our everyday lives is impacting the globe somewhere else. After being in Iceland, I now know how big of an impact that really is.

All in all, I could not be happier about my decision to study abroad this summer and I hope other students will see what a great experience this was and want to make a study abroad trip themselves.

Text written and photos provided by Roosevelt University SUST major Shannon Conway, August 2015


Posted in activities, climate change, conservation, education, field trips, Roosevelt, science, students, water | 1 Comment

Microcosm in Alaska: August 2015 Update

This guest post is by Michele Hoffman Trotter, SUST adjunct professor at Roosevelt University and director/co-producer of the Microcosm film project. Here Michele relates new developments on filming, research, and fundraising for this exciting interdisciplinary endeavor as of this summer and as the Microcosm team heads into the Fall of 2015.

Steller sea lions (M. Hoffman)

Steller sea lions (M. Hoffman)

This summer brought Microcosm to the great state of Alaska to meet with a dozen scientists from around the world who work in what is probably the most unique physical environment on Earth. With the state of Alaska covering a geographic range the size of Texas, California, and Montana combined, there is a vast and diverse coastal space to go along with it. Economically the Alaskan waters support one of the largest fisheries in North America and many lives and livelihoods depend on the biological productivity that the scientists at University of Alaska devote their lives to studying.

The Peterson Glacier in Alaska (M. Hoffman)

The Peterson Glacier in Alaska (M. Hoffman)

Water currents, temperature, and ice are the trifecta combination of variables that impact the size and distribution of many resident populations in Alaskan waters, but it is this third one (the ice) that really sets this environment apart. With ice cover creating a frigid and sunless environment, the species adapted to live there are highly specialized and many are extremophiles in the truest sense.  As ice cover melts, new areas of ocean become accessible to scientists, and new species are routinely discovered as a result.

Dr. Anne-Lize Ducluzeau examining Arctic bacteria, some of which are bioluminescent (M. Hoffman)

Dr. Anne-Lize Ducluzeau examining Arctic bacteria, some of which are bioluminescent (M. Hoffman)

Also profound is the intricate relationship between some of the microorganisms and the physical ice structures. During respiration, organisms that inhabit the ice (yes there are ice-cosms!) emit a sort of slime coat that actually helps facilitate ice growth! In addition, the presence of these living communities in ice helps divert ice melt because melt water must flow around them like the obstacles in a pinball machine.  When ice melt can flow in a straight line it tends to melt at a faster rate.

Another aspect of melting ice (and, yes, the seasonal ice cover is diminishing so no doubt about climate change up here, folks) is that species not previously found in Arctic waters are making their way in.  This is what they refer to as shifting baselines and although there will be winners and losers in the shifting economy of the Arctic ecosystem, it is really too early to say what the results might look like.  In other words, the science community is reluctant to label anything good or bad — rather, we speak in terms of changes, shifts, and the establishment of new baselines.

Dr. Anne-Lize Ducluzeau examining a carnivorous pteropod (M. Hoffman)

Dr. Anne-Lize Ducluzeau examining a carnivorous pteropod (M. Hoffman)

As filmmakers and researchers, we were so enthralled with ice that we decided we needed to spend some time in it!  For three days we went out into the Kenai Peninsula to camp and kayak among the glaciers and while it was beautiful, it was not easy! The rainfall never stopped!  This should not, however, be surprising as this part of Alaska is a rain forest, and while it was wet and freezing cold, it was beyond beautiful. In three days there was no sight of humans other than our party of four.  Our company consisted of harbor seals, Steller sea lions, humpback whales, puffins, otters — and, of course, the iconic glaciers.  Otherworldly is an understatement, and the challenge of this environment is humbling to say the least.

It also needs to be said that Ryan Trotter (8yr old son of Michele Hoffman Trotter and youngest member of team Microcosm) is the youngest person to have ever achieved a multi-day kayaking trip in the glaciers with Kayak Adventures Worldwide. Go Ryan!

Michele, Annie, and the crew at Microcosm

Posted in arts, biodiversity, climate change, conservation, ecology, education, faculty, research, Roosevelt, science, students, water

Obama Announces Clean Power Plan to Fight Climate Change

Over the past few days, President Obama has announced new climate change-related policies that utilizes the Clean Air Act of 1970 to enforce tougher standards on GHG-emitting power plants, such as the many aging coal-fired power plants that still supply electricity to citizens in Illinois and throughout the nation.


More details of the announcement from the White House on 3 Aug 2015 can be found in this Fact Sheet, which links climate change policy to the protection of public health and national security. Unsurprisingly, Obama’s announcement has spurred a critical response from Republican legislators, especially those from states which rely heavily on coal for power generation — opposition which has been long planned since the President signaled he would move significantly on climate change mitigation policy back in 2013.

While sure to create a political and legal battle for the next several years, the President’s announcement assures the public he is serious about curtailing GHG emissions in the US, and puts climate change front and center in the upcoming presidential election debates of 2015-16. For more information, see the Clean Power Plan page on the EPA’s website.

Posted in climate change, energy, news, policy, pollution

RU Environmental Sustainability Internship (Chicago Campus) Open for Applications

RU's restored prairie and part of its urban forest at the Schaumburg Campus (photo: M. Radeck)

RU’s restored prairie and part of its urban forest at the Schaumburg Campus (photo: M. Radeck)

The RU Physical Resources Department is offering a paid student internship position for the 2015-16 academic year. This job is an outstanding professional development opportunity and involves working directly with the RU Physical Resources Team under the direction of Paul Matthews, Associate VP for Campus Planning/Operations. The internship is based primarily at the Chicago Campus, Applications are being accepted ASAP (see details below) until the position is filled. Duties and responsibilities include:

  • Assist in implementing the newly adopted Sustainability Strategic Plan, approved in Spring 2015
  • Maintenance and updating of the RU Green Campus website, Green Campus Blog, and associated Facebook page, including articulating a mission statement, information on topics such as green construction and recycling programs, provide links to outside environmental organizations, post sustainability-related news, and provide other information which may benefit and educate the RU community about environmental sustainability.
  • Contribute to the management of the WB Rooftop Garden
  • Assist in maintaining contact with associations and government sponsored agencies that support the Physical Resources Environmental Sustainability Initiatives, including: Association for the Advancement for Sustainability within Higher Education (AASHE), United States Green Building Council, Second Nature, World Wildlife Federation, EPA Green Power Partnership Program, and the Illinois Governor’s Campus Sustainability Compact
  • Participate in DCEO Recycling Grant Reporting; Recycling Project for AUD, Field House, and Wabash (with 50% diversion goal); and university Compost Agreement, which provides materials for Schaumburg Garden Plots
  • Help prepare PowerPoint presentations on select ES topics to present to the RU Community when necessary.
  • Attend RU-based meetings that deal with the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) Leadership thru Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Certification Program for the Wabash Vertical Campus, Field House, and other major construction projects. Assist in tracking the LEED credits for certification and green building construction, and in achieving USGBC LEED Silver level for Field House.
  • Work on Physical Resource plans or initiatives that center around green technologies, landscapes, hardscapes, alternate methods of transportation, and renewable energy sources.

To Indicate Interest and Get More Information: Contact Rebecca Quesnell, Sustainability Operations Coordinator, Department of Physical Resources, Roosevelt University, at 312-341-3600 (office) or (email). To Apply:

  • Open this link:  
  • Log-in by using your student I.D. number for your username and password
  • Click on “On-Campus Jobs”
  • Click on “Environmental Sustainability Student Associate – Chicago”
  • Apply

This is a new system for student employment, so if you encounter any problems please email Career Services at, and put “Career Central Help” in the subject line. 

Applicants are encouraged to apply as soon as possible to facilitate paperwork completion prior to the state of the Fall semester; also note that even if you previously uploaded your cover letter and resume to the old system, you will most likely have to re-upload it to this new system.

Posted in education, green jobs, internships, Roosevelt, students